Eyelid Inflammation (Blepharitis)

Eyelid inflammation, or blepharitis, is a common disorder in which the eyelids become red, inflamed, and accumulate build-up around their edges. Fortunately, it is non-threatening to eyesight, although uncomfortable and sometimes unsightly.

What Causes Eyelid Inflamation?

There are two types of eyelid inflammation, with different causes for each:

Anterior blepharitis affects the outer part of your eyelid (where your eyelashes are located), and is most commonly caused by bacteria, from both hair and eyebrows.

Posterior blepharitis affects the inner part of the eyelid, and results from excess oil being produced by the glands near the eyelashes.

Symptoms of Eyelid Inflammation

Blepharitis must be diagnosed by an eye care professional through a careful examination of the eyes to determine the causes. The symptoms most commonly displayed include:

  • Feeling of foreign object in the eye
  • Excessive tearing and/or itching
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Red, swollen eyelids
  • Eye redness
  • Dry eye
  • Crusted or scaly texture

Treatment for Eyelid Inflammation

In many cases, eyelid irritation can be taken care of at home. Your doctor may recommend eyelid scrubs and warm compresses to loosen any build-up and keep the eyelids clean. If your symptoms do not improve your doctor may prescribe antibiotics or steroid eye drops.


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